Winemaking in the United States has come a long way and the quality keeps getting better thanks to the inventive spirit of producers. Constant adaptation is yielding some very rewarding, ever-improving wines capable of competing on the global market. Until fairly recently, only a select few states were prominent in the wine-producing industry, including California, New York, Washington and Oregon.

Today, wide-ranging grape varieties are sprouting in all 50 states.

From coastal lowlands and windy plains, American winemakers are expertly blending, pressing and aging an outstanding panoply of wines made from Old World, hybrid and native grapes. The difference in climate and terrain of regions involved the wine production translates to a wider variety of high-quality options for drinkers. California sits at the very top in this regard. However, many producers have learned that cool climate regions, such as New York’s Finger Lakes and Oregon are well suited for the production of Champagne-like sparkling wines.

America’s grapevines have been around for ages; they go way back to periods before varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel were transplanted from Europe. Many native species have taken their place in the world of winemaking. Varieties from Alabama are distinctively sweeter, particularly the Southern Muscadine grape.

Although Alaska’s climate is unsuitable for growing grapes, the region produces impressive Chardonnays made from grapes grown in California and other regions. Some juicy red-fruited wines are a blend of Mourvèdre, Syrah and Grenache. These variants are produced using grapes grown in areas with arid soil, scorching desert heat and high-altitude. The bulk of wines available on the market today trace their roots to one species of grape – Vitis vinifera. The species plays an important role in the production of popular varieties, including Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and many more.

The quality of wines has been steadily improving due to extensive research.

Michigan produces some fine grape varieties (over 50) to suit diverse tastes, including a couple of native varieties. The most popular native options include Catawba, vitis labrusca, Concord and Niagara. Riesling is a European variety that blossoms in the Michigan climate. It is available predominantly in sweet, dry and semi-dry styles.

California offers some of the country’s finest options, including Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Zinfandel and Pinot Noir. It comes as no surprise that the region is the source of rich, elegant variants that come with a distinctive dense earthiness. On the other hand, Colorado produces semisweet styles with an unmissable hint of apricot, peaches, apples and citrus.

Connecticut adds a delightful range to America’s wine varieties from its idyllic wineries. Deep-blush-colored variants made from St. Croix grapes come with a subtle notes and tartness. In Florida, wine producers are delivering quality offerings made from a number of Muscadine grape varieties, which are native to southeastern parts of the country. The dry selections of the wines are synonymous with a floral, light taste capable of captivating wine lovers.

The mineral-rich soils of Georgia nature the Petit Manseng grape to produce crisp wines with a hint of lemon and honey. The produce boasts a distinctive green-apple aroma. Some of Hawaii’s wineries offer delicious sparkling pineapple wine that has a subtle crispiness.

Interested in wines from other countries? Check out wine vineyards around the world and learn where to visit on your next vacation!